Skip to main content

Full text of "Anti-vivisection"

See other formats


o 



% 



c 

o 

VJ 

5i 



■"^j 



+• 




-r 


0) 




u 


^ 


\n 






<r 


f 


00 


\-1 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 with funding from 
Duke University Libraries 



http://www.archive.org/details/antivivisectionOOalle 




Published Monthly under the auspices of the 
Illinois Anti-Vivisection Society, 

BY 

Mrs. Fairchild Allen. 
101 North Fourth St., Aurora, III. 

Single Copies (Monthly) per an'm $ 50 
Twelve '• " •' '• 5.00 

Twenty -Eight Copies " " 10.00 

ANTI- VIVISECTION and the Illimin A. V. S. 
are separate institutions financially, although af- 
filiating otherwise. Subscibers mil please note this 
and specify to which enterprise they uish their 
funds applied. 

Entered at the Aurora Post-Offlce in accordance 
with governing rules. 




HARVEY AND BLOOD CIRCULA- 
TION. 

The Zoophilist: 

In Mr. Robertson's "Lite of Fra Paoli Sarpi," 
recently published, evidence is adduced to show 
that the great Venetian reformer and scientist 
anticipated Harvey in the circulation of the blood. 
Fabricius of A cqua pendente, who is credited 
with having discovered the valves of the veins, 
repeatedly aclinowledped his indebtedness to 
Sai"pi. who found out the valves of the veins, not 
toy vivisection, but by reasoning and reflection. 
He was examining the specific gravity of the 
blood, and his study led him to the conclusion 
that there must be some machinery in the veins 
by which the blood can be suspended and its flow 
regulated so as to avoid dilatation and congestion 



as in varicose veins. He confirmed his theory by 
dissection on dead bodies. He incidentally 
claimed the discovery of the circulation. In a let- 
ter in which he speaks of a treatise by Vesalius 
h3 wrote, "Certain things in this worli with great 
pleasure I have found, because they seem to be 
analagous to those things by me already discov- 
ered and registered as to the circulation of the 
blood in the body of animals and upon the sttuj- 
ture and uses of their valves." Harvey's work 
'•£)e Mortu Cordis," was not published till 1638, 
five years after Sarpi's death. The great English- 
man attended the lectures of Acquapendente at 
Padua bat ween 1.590 and 163 i. and Fabricius in 
these lectures spoke of the va'.ves of the veins, of 
which he had learned from Sirpi. 



1'HE PROGRESS OP '■SCIENCE." 
Tuskegee (Ala.) Weekly News: 
Standing crouched in an alley near the 
corner vvas an old negro woman, who 
was sobbing as if her heart would break. 
When the officer walked up to her and 
asked her what was the matter, she 
shrieked out: 

"Oh. Mister P'leceman, for God's 
sake do git ray gall 1 Dem studish doc- 
tors dun tuck her away to cut her up!" 
and she fell down upon the street in a 
swoon. She was sent home, and every 
now and then she could be neard to 
groan and say: "Oh, my God, dem stu- 
disk doctors done got my gall I" — 

The above clipping is "from The Birmingham 
Age Herald, and closes a humorous account of 
the way the students of Birmingham Medical Col- 
lege amuse themselves at the expense of the poor, 
ignorant negroes of that city, by pretending to 
ofler *10.00 a piece for live negroes for the dissect- 
ing table. Now, is there any fun in this? It must 
be a most cruel and brutal nature that could de- 
rive amusement from such torture as that of the 
poor mother described above, and we wish heart- 
ily that those yuuug vagabonds, the 'studish doc- 
tors," might be dealt with by the law in the man- 
ner thoi." heartless behaviour merits. 



\ ^ 



The reiiealed rfqi/'xi" /i 



i-lHibllxU if hoth heri^ and in I rad. form. 



THE PASTEUR INSTITUTE. 



AN ENGLISH GICNTLEMAN TELLS WHAT HE SAW THERE IN THE 

SUMMER OF 1894. 



In the London Echo of Aug. 1, appears an arti- 
cle written by a well-known resident of London, 
whose truth and veracity are natiuestioned. We 
extract from it the most importiiiit details, as fol- 
lows, iu his own words: 

■•Why not go to Paris and see the muL-h-Uilked- 
of Pasteur Institute?" said a fritnd of mine. Mr. 
Philip G. Peabody. attor.iey and counsellor-at- 
law. son of the highly-respected Judge Peiibody, 
of New York: "you would be able to tell your 
E i^lish countrymen something a bout Pasteurism. 
an 1 this might be of use, especially in view of the 
interest excited over the proposed 'Institute of 
Preveiitive Medicine" for London, and the great 
opposition to it that was displayed."' And .so it 
came to pass that at ten o'clock on the morning 
of July the Uth. and carrying an introduction 
from an English Member of Parliament. I stood 
outside the famous 45, Rue Dutot. The building 
stands in its own grounds, which are exceedingly 
well kept, and at first sight there is nothing to in- 
dicate the character of the place, except that run- 
ning along the front of the building, immediately 
over the first story, can be read in large stone let- 
ters the words "Institut Pasteur." 

We knocked at the door of a well-built lodge, 
and my interpreter explains that -'Monsieur is an 
Englishman who wishes to see the laboratories 
of M. Pasteur and his inoculations." I present 
my card of introduction, when I am politely 
informed that the Uth being a National Fete day 
no inoculations will take place, and the next dpy 
being Sunday no patients are treated then, but if 
I ^vill come on Monday morning I shall be shown 
around . 

But, hark: listen to those dogs so furiously 
barldng. not the bark of freedom, or frolic, or joy- 
ous life. The spot whence comes the noise is 
hidden by trees, aad beautiful verdure makes the 
place deceptive, but that barking, when it strikes 
upon the ear freezes the blood ^vith fear and 
dreadful anticipation of po.ssible danger, it is so 
unlike' anything heard from the dog when in 
freedom. These are the dogs that inoculation has 
driven tnad, and only wait their turn to be stewed 
into cultures, to be further squirted into the 
blood of the credulous. 

Mr. Williams then tells of his prompt return on 
the following Monday to the Institute. Men, 
women and children were present to receive the 
deadly hydrophobia virus in their veins. T)r. 



Roux. the son-in-law of Pasteur, was present. 
Mr. Williams says : 

He showed us the rooms devoted to cultiyation 
of anthrax, Alaslca cholera, and the rabies cul- 
ture : he pointed out that the building was divided 
into nunerous laboratories, which were used by 
students and professors; and he pointed out with 
evident pride his own laboratory, in which I 
observed a little pug dog which • Dr. Roux 
explained had just been inoculatad. This was 
evidently the first 'job' after breakfast, and as I 
patted the little fellow my imagination foUi^iwed 
him through the dilfereat .stiges of the poison 
with which he had just been inoculated, until, in 
a few days, he would be.'oaie a raving and dan- 
gerous prisoner in one of the cages which I kne\r 
to be somewhere hidden in the grounds. 

In several of the rooms were l.ving about tho 
dissectocl bodies of the animals, and also numbers 
of theji still living, who would be the next sub 
jects for examin.itioii, and who were then only 
waiting the final completion of the slow process 
of poisoning to bring about their lingering and 
cruel deaths. 

'•But where. Doctor, "" said the interpreter at my 
request. • •are the pens wht re the larger stock of 
animals is kepfi* Monsieur wishes to see them." 
But Dr. Roux was obdurate in refusing to show 
them, as I think, because of the expression of ten- 
derness on the part of the ladies; but these pens 
were what I most desired to see. I had read 
descriptions of the laboratories, and followed 
closely the system through its many stages. I 
wanted to see the victims, so that I coula tell my 
countrymen what the erection of the ••Institute of 
Preventive Medicine" in London involved in 
suffering to the animals. "Interpreter, please 
inquire at the lodge and see if I can come early in 
the morning to see around the pens," said I, and 
so the following morning for the third time I 
Stan 1 at Pasteur's great gate behind which exists 
that mighty living tomb of so many sentient 
creatures. I am shown a side path, and t^e 
attendant unlocks agate, which I notice is care- 
fully fa.stened again behind us, running along the 
length of the grounds. On our right hand are a 
dozen houses which might easily be mistaken for 
stables; these are opened and I enter. They are 
crowded with cages, baskets, &c , which contain 
animiils in different stages of inoculation; these 
are removed day by day, as the various viruses 



Ayri- VIVISECTION. 



develop, until they reach the final stags, which 
to many of them will he a slow process of "rot- 
ting to death.'" Ihere are hundreds of rabbits, 
ducks, guinea pigs, fowls, rats, mice, &c. Some 
of these have young, developing disease in them. 
We enter a very high iron building. I walk up 
and down it, for it is divided into sections, many 
of which contain a dog whose barking is terrible 
to hear. I do not recognize in these furious, des- 
perate creatures man's faithful friend. I count 
twenty- two of them. They are, indeed, appalling 
to see. Many valuable breeds are among them. 
One poor wretch has torn and scarred his nose and 
face in vain attempts to tear away the iron net^ 
work that exists between it and those who look 
upon it. He will most likely die soon, die '-driven 

mad." 
Leaving the dog, we turn to the left of the 

grounds, and enter a long room. In doing so we 
pass between two hordes. I inquire what they 
are kept for, and am told they have been inocu- 
lated. Further to my right i see what may be a 
cow-house, but do not enter it. Looking around 
I see two cats. These arc still at large, even 
though they have been inoculated, as it is found 
they die too quickly if confined to cages. In the 
long room just mentioned I am amazed at the 
number of animals kept; there could not have 
been much less than a thousand, whole cages of 
rabbits, which I read from a label had been inocu- 
lated with "cholera virus," and bearing the name 
of Dr. Metohiakopi). I see the rabbits so paral- 
yzed in iheir hind-quarters that they cannot move, 
and they look up to you through glazed eyes— a 
picture of helpless suffering. Fowls lie slowly 
dying of tuberculosis. I saw hundreds of eyes 
red with inflammation, the result of inoculation 
in the sensitive organ of sight. I count thirty 
bodies thrown out into different corners of the 
room, evidently of those whose long sufferings 
have mercifully ceased in the previous night. 

I walk across the grounds, and stop before a 
lai'ge stove-like looking thing in a corner; it is 
the crematorium which Pasteur has had erected 
to burn the bodies of his deliberately-cultivated 
diseased victims of this much disputed scientifio 
system. Set the fire going, for, look I— as I hold 
my nostrils against the most unwholesome stench 
that ever assailed the sense of man — I count Hfty 
ailmils awaiting fuel. Tie busy flies are there, 
as previous visitors have described, and it seem^ 
quite possible for them to carry on their feet and 
wings the germs of disease, to the danger of the 
community outside the Institute; and there is the 
heap of rubbish, consisting of broken culture 
glass, tubes, and wads of cotton wool. The exist- 
ence of this heap has been denied, so I stoop 
down and pick up a culture glass, which I deter- 
mine to bring away as same evidence of truth' 



I be? to submit to my readers the following 
proofs that Pasteurism is by no means unanimously 
accepted by the medical profession. Mr. Philip 
Serle, the secretary of the French Society against 
vivisection, who lives at Paris, told me that there 
was a steadily growing feeling against Pasteurism 
on the part of many leading Paris medical men. 
Dr. Lutaud declares "Pasteur does not cure 
hydrophobia: he gives it." 

Further, I have a list of names and addresses 
of 263 persons who have died of hydrophobia 
after undergoing Pasteur's alleged preservative. 
Thi.s will be sent to anyone who applies to Ben- 
jamin Bryan, Esq., Westminster. And, more- 
over, wherever an institute has been erected the 
disease of hydrophobia has increased in dogs and 
men. Dr. Dolan seems justified in his assertion 
"that far from lessening the sum of human mis- 
ery. Pasteur has increased it," while our English 
Dr. Charles Bell Taylor, F. R. C. G., descrilje^ it 
as "the most extraordinary delusion which has 
atflioted men of science for centuries." 

After leavihg the Pasteur Institute I was for- 
tunate enough to obtain a card of admission to the 
Paris School of Medicine, where dogs and 
monkeys are vivisected by the hundred, and 
every diabolical cruelty inflicted, without even the 
need of a licen.se. The building is very large, 
and as I stood in the coui't-yard I could hear the 
barking of dogs kept for the immediate use of the 
students and working physiologists. 

I am anxious to visit Professor R— 's laboratory, 
and so, pushing open a door, I And myself in a 
large room filled with the apparatus of torture. 
An attendant who resents my intrusion came for- 
ward, but my card allows me to visit any of the 
rooms, or attend any demonstrations or lectures. 
Presently a student comes in ; we introduce our- 
selves, he through his bad English, I through my 
equally bad French. He explains to me that 
there will be no demonstrations by Professor R— , 
who is, indeed, out of Paris until November. 
But what, then, means those dogs about the prem- 
ises? I had counted thirty. Monkeys, ten in 
number, were gibbering from their cages; frogs — 
"God's gift to the vivisector," as one of them 
claimed them to be — were there in scores, and 
three ducks were waddling about a water vessel 
that stood four feet high from the ground. Oh ! 
these few animals were for the more industrious 
students who did not go in for recreation, whether 
of an innocent character or not, but who rather 
chose to stay and hack away at these living crea- 
tures. 

I was too late that day to see any experiment. 
"Monsieur must come again and we will show 
him," said the obliging .student: so I walk around 
and examine the various tools of the physiol- 
ogist's working life. For the first time in my life 



.4 NTI- VI VISECTIOX. 



I see the ••inrornal mashine" usad in producing 
■'artificial respiration," wliicli prevents the ani- 
mal dying under torture accordincr to the law o( 
its own existence. It is much more elaborate in 
design than any drawing of it I have ever seen: 
near by was a large gas lamp used in the produc- 
tion, of the power necessary to work it. I saw 
one of the many vivisecting tables still dripping 
with thi blood of its day's victim. I must leave 
the place with its tei-rible associations of suf- 
fering. 

As I go out of the courtyard at the other angle 
to whLcii I entered, I hear the sound of a howling 
dog comiii^' froaa a room over whose door I read, 
•■Directeardes TravauxdePhysiologie." I enter, 
but my adaiission is challenged by two professors 
and two assistants; my card is again presented, 
and I am allowed to remain. The dog, a large 
Newfoundland, is already bound securely to the 
table by strong cords to eaah of his legs; he 
strangles violently a.il shak3i and rojks the 
heavy table, but to no purpose; he cannot escape. 
At his side one of the professors is injecting 
chloral, which is no true anaesthetic. Presently 
a knife is taken, the skin of the animal is cut care- 
fully open down to the skull, but what is that 
curious instrument in the assistant's hands? He 
heats it at a gas jet, and a current is set in motion 
that produces a red heat at the top. and with this 
he sears the flesh of the mutilated animal; the 
electric cautery thus prevents the poor lacerated 
creature from mercifully bleeding to death. 

I had never expected to smell the burning flesh 
of a living animal, and it came to me that day 
with a terribly new experience. A brass plate 
was screwed upon the skull of the animal, and a 
hole was made through to the brain with a circu- 
lar saw, and into this hole was poured an electric 
current from a battery on the other table; look 
to it, or the dog, a very powerful one, will escape, 
all bleeding and torn as he is. With the plung- 
ing of the animal the whole arrangement of 
screws, &c., have become unfastened; two men 
hold him and they fit the plate again and turn 
more currents of electricity into that brain. Will 
he never die? I think to myself; and my impulse 
is to end its misery with my pocket-knife; but no, 
that will never do, and so I watch for more than 
two hours these infamies perpetrated in the name 
of Science. 

I never could have believed, had I not heard it, 
that it was possible for' any animal to express 
human anguish as that one did through that time 
of torture. That dog groaned as / should have 
groaned; the thing is simply indescribable. I 
wish those gnans could be heard for five minutes 
by every English mm and woman; if so, vivisec- 
tion would be prohibitad by the consensus of our 



common Immanity. and so, sick and horrified, I 
left the place, the victim still in the hands of his 
merciless torturers. 

What this practice is ir France it is in England ; 
the geography of it makes no difference to the 
thing itself. I am not permitted to see inside tha 
English laboratory ; I have managed to get inside 
a French. This inquisition is in our midst today, 
only it is one of Science, and every good man 
and woman who can realise its work in all its 
naked truth and hideousness will be against its 
remaining wth us. It is infamous in its mor- 
ale—some experts say dangerous— and misleading 
in its science, and the people must make it illegal 
in law. -Yours, &c., 

T. A. Williams. 
48 Martin St., St. Paul's, Bristol, Eng , July 28 1894. 



From a pamphlet written by Herbert J. Reid. 
F S. A., F. R. S. I. (London), who visited the 
Institut Pasteur Feb. 33 and 23, 189-t, we copy 
the following account of a scene in the labora- 
tory where rabbits are trepanned in order to 
obtain virus for iuocalation: 

Upon an orainary deal table stands a board, 
with four iron eyelets affixed, one at each corner. 
Upon the board is placed the healthy rabbit, held 
by Jupille. Four leather thongs are produced, 
and slip-knots being made, they are passed over 
the fore and hind legs of the trembling animal. 
aVo anaesthetic is given. The unfortunate crea- 
ture being now bound and com.jletely helpless is 
ready for trepanning. 

The assistant holds the head, the operator uses 
a pair of sharp, surgical scissors, with curved 
blades, and clips oft all fur from the head, which 
is then moistened with an antLseptic lotion. He 
next makes an incision about %-\a. to 1-in. in 
length, laying bare the skull. A little instrument 
is then inserted, which serves the purpo.se of 
keeping the skin of the rabbit recently cut, open, 
and facilitates the coming operation. The 
wretched creature's skull is now completely bare, 
and the operator produces his trephine, an 
instrument used to cut out a circular portion of 
the skull. It is worked by a little handle at the 
side, this movement acting upon a circular saw 
at the base, and some 30 revolutions are sufficient 
to pierce the bone. 

When this has been effected, the piece of bone, 
about V4-in. in diameter, is removed with a small 
instrument, and the animal's brain is exposed to 
view. The prepared virus is then injected into 
the brain; a couple of stitches put through the 
skin closes the wound, and the rabbit is then 
removed to its pen, there to linger in incalcuable 
S'afleringfor ten days, dying slowly of artiflcially- 



ANTl- VI VISECTIOX. 



induced paralytic rabies. When it is dead its 
spinal marrow will in its turn serve to inoculate 
other healthy rabbits, and thus the succession of 
virus IS secured, as also the continuity of daily 
suffering and torture for the victims. 

When I remarked the absence of chloroform. I 
was told it was used when necessary for dogs, 
but never for rabbits, as its effect would be more 
painful and injurious to the rabbit than the actual 
operation of trepanning. The conclusion is tUs — 
the rabbit is weakly, and can offer but little resist- 
ance: moreover it is not a.^customed to bite. 

The wretched animals I saw inoculated on Fri- 
day, February 23. are today lying upon their sides 
in their pens, slowly dying of paralytic rabies, 
their hind legs extended and powerless, but their 
eyes ti-rned pleadingly towards the visitor. On 
Monday next, .5th of March, they will have ceased 
to suffer. Their spinal marrow will on that day 
be ripe for use for the maintenance and succes- 
sion of rabic virus by inoculation. 

The virus is prepared in the following man- 
ner:— In a metal trough a rabbit, dead at the 
teuth day from inoculation, is extended. With a 
keen blade the sldn is carefully cut open from the 
head the length of the body. Next the skin is par 
tially removed, exposing the flesh, which, in its 
turn is carefully cut off, exposing the spine. This 
operation is most carefully performed, as is also 
the subst quent one of opening the backbone to 
expose the spinal marrow. 

After this the spinal marrow is removed, usu- 
ally in three portions, and, affixed to a piece of 
thread, is suspended in a large phial, at the bot- 
tom of which is caustic potash, which absorbs all 
moisture. The phials are then removed to a dark 
room, heated to 23 deg. Centigrade, and the con- 
tents are used the next day for preparing the 
fluid to be inoculated into human beings. The 
next operation is to remove the rabbit's con- 
gested brain, which is taken into a dark room, 
placed in a phial, and with a small quantity of 
very weak sterilised veal broth, is triturated; It 
is then forthwith injected into a healthy rabbit's 
brain, after trepannation, as already described. 



DR. DULLES ON PASTEURISM 

The New York Mail and Express of June 23, 
l:SWi, announced that Dr. Charles W. Dulles, of 
Jr'uiladelphia, had just made a contribution of 
great value to medical knowledge on the subject 
of hydrophobia, and quoted the following pas- 
sages: 

"The number of cases of hydrophobia that oc- 
cur in this country is happily small. It would , 
doubtless be smaller still but for the exploitation 
of the Pasteur Institute, conducted by Gibier. in 



New York, and of its feeble iaiitator, conducted 
by Lagorio, in Chicago. These institutions and 
the newspapars that in times past have published 
sensational accounts ot cases of sj-oalled hydro- 
phobia, have in a mild way reproduced some of 
the conditions which make France the hotbed of 
hydrophobia, as well as of hystero-epilepsy. 
But the psychological make-up of Americans is 
less favorable to the development of the germs 
of hydrophobia or those of hystero-epilepsy than 
that of the French, and consequently there is less 
of both than there is in France. 

"There the history of the last six years differs 
but little from that which I described to yoain 
my last report. As then, so now. the number of 
deaths in France is greater than it was before. 
Pasteur just ten years ago (in May. 1881, ) boasted 
to a newspaper reporter: 'Whoever gets bitten 
by a mad dog has only to submit to my three 
little inoculations, and he need not have the 
slightest fear of hydrophobia.' The year before 
he mide that boast there were four deaths, from 
hydrophobia in Paris (the Department of the 
Seine), the year after, when he had practiced 
his preventive medicine for six months, the deaths 
from hydrophobia leaped at once from four to 
twenty-tvvo. The oscillations indicate that Pas- 
teur's method is no more preventive of hydro- 
phobia than is the msthod which he declared in 
1881 would eradicate rabies in dogs. On the 
contrary, Pasteur's method has undoubtedly in- 
creased the number of deaths from hydrophobia. 
I have indicated what has taken place in France, 
and can assure you that there has bsen no dim- 
inution in the number of deaths from hydropho- 
bia in any part of the world since Pasteur's infal- 
lible cures were inaugurated: and at the same 
time there has been added to these a large num- 
ber of deaths due to inoculation with the virus of 
what ought to be called 'Pasteur's disease.' " 

The Mail and Express concludes by remark- 
ing:— 

"As this is not the opinion of a quack or of a 
notoriety seeker, it deserves the widest publicity, 
so that it may strengthen and reassure thousands 
who live in constant dread of 'mad dogs and hy- 
drophobia." ' 



The fact that the Pasteur Laboratory is on 
French soil— instead of American— and that the 
proposed new Institutes of Preventive Medicine 
are to ba located in England and India— does not 
diminish our duty, as Americans, in the premises. 
We should aid our English friends in this fight by 
every m-aans in our power, unflagging and to the 
bitter end. 



AKTI- VI VISECTION. 



THE NEW YO^l^v GUINE V PIG 
NURSERY. 
We obsei've that the description of 
this establishment is still going the 
ro.mds of the newspapers. The swell- 
headed reporter waxes fluent over the 
beauty and affection of the little animals 
and then flippantly discourses on the 
dreadful fate to which they are con- 
signed. In this connection we are forc- 
ibly reminded of Watts' lines recently 
sent us by a friend: 

Heavea's sov'eveign spares lU bsiu^^.s but Himself 
TJiat hideous sight, a nake J hum ui heart. 

If Watts did not know of vivisection 
he must have had in view a similar 
crime. 



IN HIGH FEATHER AT NORTH 
WESTERN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL 
SCHOOL. 
We are not surprised in the least at 
the description in The Chicago Tribune. 
Dec. 10, of the ''equipments for bac- 
teriological research" in the above- 
named institution which is located in 
the vicinity of State and 24tli streets: 
nor to learn that numberless animals 
from white mice to dogs "go thei-e to 
die." or that hundreds of them are bred 
there for the same purpose. The report- 
er's description of his visit there is the 
same time-worn, loathsome tale of inno- 
cent animals inoculated with vile sub- 
stances and dying — ands )tEething taken 
fi-oiii their thus diseased bodies with 
which to impregnate the systems of hu- 
man beings — so the occupation of the 
doctors will not be gone. As "experi- 
ments" increase so disease increases, 
naturally; and the contraction of these 
diseases by the individuals who are 
constantly monkeying with germs of 
cholera, typhoid fever, erysipelas, con- 
sumption, etc., examples of which have 
recently been given in the daily papers, 
is a very natural sequence, and a ju-t 
one: and no logic of reasoning can avail 



to convince the truly thoughtful mind 
that this artistic dabbling in pollution 
of soul and body will benefit the human 
race, mentally, morally or physically — 
especially neither mentally or morally. 
An hour's examination of one of Dr. 
Von Krafft-Ebing's works discloses the 
secret of the whole horrible vivisec- 
tional mania. Upon no other satisfac- 
tory ground can it be explained than a 
pervei'sion of the natural instincts. It 
feeds upon what it produces and if un- 
checked, would, not many decades 
hence, result in an Inferno at which 
Dante would stand aghast and own his 
Imagination outstripped by the Real. 

Considering this piirsuit of "Science" 
by old and young, by the medical col- 
leges and the public schools, it is no 
wonder that the world is darkened with 
crime and flooded with tears. 

Christians (?) claim to believe in a 
heaven of eternal glory; then why are 
they so anxious to stay upon this earth 
that they catch at every straw which 
promises to prolong their stay here? 
For is it not the great body of Chris- 
tians (?) who by giving silent assent to 
all kinds of vivisection are aiding and 
abetting it? As a body they are deaf 
to reason and appeal. Who can explain 
it. Like Ingersoll, "I don't know." 

••FUN AND WISDOM." 

The following is taken from Life, Jan. 
18th:— 

"In the published curriculum of the Post-Grad- 
uate Medical School and Hospital of Chicago, it 
is announced that it is its 'aim to instruct as well 
as to entertain. The laboratories for medical 
chemistry and toxicology, microscopy, bateriol- 
ogy, and experimental surgery on the lower aai- 
mils, are well equipped, and systematic course* 
in e ich subject may be arranged at any time.' 

•'This is a giTC away. 

"The public are pretty well aware that the cut- 
ting up of livj animals is general'y done simply 
for amusement . but it is rare that we get it offici- 
ally, as in this case. We infer from the above 
that at this institute they not only 'entertain' by 
vivisoctioa but also instruct, thus going a step 
further than other colleges. This will be good 
news for the hundreds ot intelligent dogs and 
horses that are tortured out of existence within the 
walls of this temple of mirth. 

"But the most melancholy feature of the whole 
business is the knowledge the instructors seem 
to have of their pupils. The possibility of their 
shrinking from these enterta,inments is not con- 
sidered. They evidently are well aware that they 
can soon convince the youths that nothing is 
more entertaining than the quivering nerves of 
living beings." 



ANTl- VI \ ISEVTlOy. 



WHAT IS A TEACHER OF PHYSI- 
OLOGY DOING? 

"Nearly all the criminals of the 
future, the thieves, burglars, incen- 
diaries, and murderers, are now in our 
public schools, and with them the 
greater criminals who commit national 
crime?. They are in our public schools 
now and we are educating them. We 
can mould them if we will. 

To illustrate the power of education, 
we know that we can make the same 
boy Protestant, Roman Catholic or 
Mohammedan. It is simply a question 
of education. We may put into his 
little hands at first, toys, whips, guns, 
and swords, or may teach him. as the 
Quakers do. that war and cruelty are 
crimes. We may teach him to shoot 
the little song bird in spring-time, with 
its nest full of young, or we may teach 
him to feed the bird and spare the nest. 

We may go into the schools now with 
book, picture, song and story, and 
make neglected boys merciful, or we 
may let them drift until, as men, they 
become sufficiently lawless and cruel to 
throw our railway trains off the track, 
place dynamite under our dwelling 
houses or public buildings, assassinate 
our President, burn half our city or 
involve the nation in civil war. 

Geo. T. Angell. 



Rev. Francis H. Roavley, Secre- 
tary of the American Humane Assn., 
is endeavoring to set forth the hurtful 
influences of vivisection and dissection 
in the public schools. During the con- 
troversy which has been going on rel- 
ative thereto between himself and the 
school board at his home, in Oak Park, 
a Miss King, the teacher of biology, 
testified thus: 

When I want animals some of the boys are 
quite ready to help me to them. The animals, 
excepting cats, are put to death in the laboratory 
on a side table, and pupils may look on or not as 
they please. Cats are put to death in the base- 
ment by myself and some of the pupils by the 
means of ether or chloroform. When dissecting 
is going on all pupils who are affected by the 
sight of blood and who desire to be excused, are 
excused from the room. A pupil seldom makes 
the request. 

Mr. Johonnot "a village pastor" in 

favor of this kind of education remarked. 



''cruelty dwells not with knowledge but 
with ignorance." The gentleman must 
be a very circumscribed reader or he 
would know that "knowledge"' has 
inventei somfe of the most atrocious 
torturas — the refinements of cruelty 
upon those creatures least able to bear 
them. Mantegazza, De Cyon, Claude 
Bernard, Paul Bei"t, and a score of 
other vivisectors who have added so 
greatly to the vast sum of suffering on 
earth could by no means be designated 
as ignorant men. On the contrary the^ 
wei-e exceedingly learned and some of 
them rarely polished in manner. So 
this argument carries no weight, what- 
ever, in favor of "scientific"' training of 
our children in the schools. 

Miss King and others argue that the 
boys and girls feel that they are stuc y- 
ing the wonderful mechanism and mys- 
tery of creation. They feel that they 
are getting something tangible and val- 
uable. If this is so, then boys and girls 
must be made of very different mater- 
ial from what they were when we were 
young. We cannot believe that they 
are impressed in any such way as 
described. We have never seen any 
evidence of it in those with whom we 
have come in contact. This method of 
teaching does g:ve them ''stronger 
nerves" as another argues, thei'e is no 
doubt, but it is not the ''nerve" that 
incites to noble deeds or self sacrifice — 
it is simply the "nerve" that places Me 
and My Interests above the rights of 
other and weaker creatures. The 
advocates of indiscriminate vivisection 
or dissection for the sake of knowledge 
should study works upon Psychopathia. 

In the utilization at Chicago, of "aged 
cab horses" to obtain the serum for 
injection into human bodies are we 
assured of "immunity" from glanders, 
distemper, poll evil and many other 
afflictions to which aged city horses are 
subject? 



ANTI-VlVLSBCTlOy. 



HE SPEAKS- THE PASTOR OF 
ALL SOULS CHURCH. 

No event since the beginninjr of the 
anti-vivisection movement in this 
country is more significant or of more 
importance than that which trans- 
pired Sunday morniny, Dec. 2, at All 
Souls Church, Cor.. Oakwood Boule- 
vard and Langley Ave., Chicago. 
The announcement that Rev. .Tbnkin 
Lloyd Jones, the devoted, revered, 
and popular pastor of All Souls would 
speak upon the Life of Frances Power 
Cobbe and the Anti-Vivisection move- 
ment, drew together a large audience. 
Were we to depend upon The Tribune 
report of the occasion we could not do 
it any justice, but, fortunately, we 
have the account from a regular mem- 
ber of the congregation. We hope to 
publish the sermon in due time, and 
Avill now simply allude to a few of its 
important points. 

The letter of our correspondent 
opens with one of R?v. Mr. Jones' clos- 
ing sentiments, namely: He would 
say to tte experimentar, ''Do this if 
you are sure it is necessary; but at your 
peril do anything to these dumb broth- 
ers you would not willingly submit to 
in your own person." 

On account of what w.is said in con- 
nection with this sentiment — the de- 
nunciation of all the different phases 
of cruelty in the world, which followed 
— and the speaker's full account of the 
work of the Illinois Anti-Vivisection 
Society, we feel that great service has 
been done our cause. Mr. Jones gave 
the statistics of our work — which, with 
other papers, at his request, had been 
furnished him — the quantity of litera- 
ture distributed from this point, the 
number of vice presidents at work in 
different states, the establishment of our 
printing office and monthly journal; he 
advised his hearers to subscribe for the 



latter and called their attention t > the 
literature then at the cliurch for free 
distribution. 

At the (dose of the services many of 
the congregation pressed around the 
pastor, and others around our vice pres- 
ident there, to learn further of the work 
of vivisection. The literature was all 
taken and many persons gave their ad- 
dress and requested more. 

The extreme radicals in our ranks 
may wish that Rev. Mr. Jones had de- 
nounced the practice of vivisection iji 
more emphatic tones; but as the case 
stands the enemy cannot accuse hiui of 
narrow views, or biased opinions: and 
if the vivisectors would cling strictly 
to tlie admonition-the warning— as 
given by the great preacher, both the 
innocent animals and human beings 
would be safe fr m the cruelties of their 
practice and its soul-destroying effects. 

In relation to Miss Cobbe and her 
work— both among human beings and 
dumb animals, Mr. Jones spoke beauti- 
fully—and justly: and when, in her 
home among the Welsh mountains, our 
jevered leader reads these lines she 
will feel additional compensati<'n for 
her labors, amidst that already seeking 
entrance through the portals of Hen - 
wrt to the hearth of its devoted mis- 
tress. 



The society for the prevention of 
cruelty to animals ought to secure the 
liberal efforts of Freethinkers every- 
where. As the orthodox church 
teaches that the man animal has a soul 
but the other class have none, there- 
fore, the soulless class are entitled to 
very little consideration from their 
more intelligent relatives. "It is of 
much more importance to save the 
'soul' of a man than to protect the body 
of a 'brute.' " That is what Christians 
will tell us. Our doctrine is that the 
soul of a man who will abuse a dumb 
animal, is not worth saving. — The Free- 
(hinJfc r — December. 



ANTl- VIVISECTION. 



WHAT HAVE YOU TO SAY NOW? 
IN ENGLAND. 

Triumphant Vivisectionist—ljook at the 
cures being performed through anti- 
toxine all over the world— only 24 per 
cent, dying now to 50 per cent, hereto- 
fore! 

Doubting Anti-V.— Who says so? 

T. V. — M. Roux, and olhers. 

D A-V. — What were the ages of the 
patients who used to die at the rate of 
over 50 per cent? 

T. V. — They are not given— precisely. 

D. A-V. — No? but that is a very im- 
portant point. M. Roux has been ex- 
perimenting at a children's hospital. 
The London Star, which has been inves- 
tigating the matter, says "'for young 
people under twtnty years of age, in 
London, last year, the deaths in con- 
nection with a very large number of 
cases were in just about the same pro- 
portion M. Roux says they were among 
his patients. 

T. V. —But the British Medical Journal 
recently stated that at a hospital where 
the Roux inoculation had been tried 
the mortality of the patients has been 
reduced to 10 per cent. 

D. A-V. — Where was this hospital? 

T. F.— In England. 

D. A-V. — There are several hospitals 
in England. Can you mention where 
this one is located? 

T. F.— Well— not exactly— 'jut— the 
British Medical Journal felt certain 
about it. 

D. A-V., drawing a paper from his 
pocket — On the contrary, a later issue 
t)f the B. M. J. contains the following: 
"It is remarkable, thei*efore, that the 
only public hospital to which this med- 
icament has been supplied should so 
long withhold the results of treatment 
from the members of the profession. 
'Wild horses,' said one gentleman, 
'could not di'aw the name of the hospi- 



tal from those who are supplying it with 
lymph.' " You see, the B. M. J. is 
naturally disgusted over what it terms 
"a policy of concealment,'" on the parts 
of certain hospitals. 

IN AMERICA. 

Triumphant Virisectionist — I^ook at the 
cures being performed all over Amer- 
ica with.anti-toxinel 

Doubting Anti- Vivisectionist— Where ? 

T. V. — Why, everywhere. 

D. A-V. —Mention one. 

T. V. — Why right here in Chicago. 
A little girl almost gone with diph- 
theria was restored at once to health. 
Everybody knows a": out this. I can 
give you her name, street and number. 

D. A-V.. pulling a paper from his 
pocket — Well, yes, I believe I did hear 
something about this. I have it right 
here. Beads: 

Coaeernin^a recent '-wonderful cure" of diph- 
ttieria in Chicago, by anti-toxine. the attending 
physicians write as follows to the Inter- Ocean of 
Nov. 19: 

In the Evening Post of Nov. 15 there appeared 
nearly a column under flaming headlines with 
reference to a little girl who had been treated for . 
diphtheria by well-known physicians in this city, 
and who, during the course of the treatment, 
received an injection of the serum known as anti- 
toxin. The representative of the Fosl called upon 
us with reference to this matter We declined to 
talk of a private case, as it is not proper for a 
physician to place before the public the ills of 
those who have consulted him in confidence, but 
we emphatically denied many of the statements 
which were to be made, and which were finally ■ 
published. 

It is stated in this article that the Itttle girl had 
been given up by her physicians; that the anti- 
toxin had been injected, and that she recovered as 
the result. 

The little girl was extremely ill with diphtheria, 
and was choking from the effect of this disease in 
the larynx. Intubation was practiced and gave 
her relief immediately, as it does in a large num- 
ber of cases. 

It so happened that the anti-toxin was injected 
about the same time, but there is no conclusive evi- 
dence whatever that it had any influence upon the 
course of this disease. On the contrary, it was 
shown two days later that it had practically no 
influence, by the tube being coughed out, when the 
child rapidly grew worse, and tvould have suffo- 
cated had not the tube been reintroduced. 

The child subsequently went on to a good 
recovery, as have hundreds of others in this city 
during the last few years, where imminent death 
from suffocation has been relieved by intubation 
or by tracheotomy. We think it only proper that 
these facts should be placed before the public, as 
the statements in the paper are entirely misleading. 
Whether the anti -toxin is of any value in diph- 
theria, lias yet to be proven; certainly this case 



19. 



Ayn-yirisEcTiox. 



proves nothiii'. auri tlie stateuieuts nui e aw 
certainly open to the suspieioa that sooje one is 
trjang to be sensational in t he m.itter. 

Daniel K. Khowek. M. D. 
John Edwin Rhodks, M. !>. 

When the reader looked up the vivi- 

seetionist had business elsewhere, and 

he fled as his companion pulled another 

slip from his vest, but the A. V. read 

on and finished the following opinion 

from the Detroit Journal: 

•ANTI-TOXINE CRAZE." 

The anti-toxine craze is simply a revamped 
form of Behring's "curative serum," says the 
Medical Age. The extravagant and sensational 
assertions now being revamped are jioing the 
rounds of every journal: superfl.'ial trials are 
being made by unqualitled experimenters, wh'>, 
fearing lest they should be anticipated, rush into 
print with records that are not only incomplete 
and undeveloped, but oftentimes are absolutely 
false. As a matter of fact such remedies suould 
never be employed until their action has b€en 
thoroughly inquired into at tlie hands of expert, 
patient, painstaking observers, ard theii- propc r- 
ties and disadvantages establishiil with sorue- 
thing approaching scientific precision. But. un- 
fortunately, the majority of practitioners at the 
present day enact the i-ole of sensation makers, 
and are ever on the alert for new game. When- 
ever they t scent the shadow of a new diseoveiy 
they fall headlong one over another in their 
eagerness for publicity. The idea moreover, is 
not a new one, but is a turn to the humoral path- 
ology of the last century. It is a retrogression, 
and serves no earthly purpose except to cast 
odium upon a profession which those who prac- 
tice should hold sacred and endeavor to lift to a 
higher plane, instead of dragging into the aby.s.i 
of sensationalism. 

Not satisfied with the "sad lesson taught by 
experience" with the Bourgeon craze, Pasteur 
humbug, Xiisterism rage, Koch ti.%sco, Haffkin de 
ception, animal extrai;t sw iiJlas. ot al., the med- 
ical press have now seized upon another novelty, 
viz., the anti-toxine treatmsnt of diphtheria. The 
same injudicious haste, the same craving for ther- 
apeutic sensation, are manifested here as with 
s,\\ the foregoing; yat a little c.iltn reflection 
should convince anyone possessed of a modicum 
of pathological and physiological knowledge tl at 
the claims advanced are not based upon any s( i- 
entittc grounds, and that, having served the pur- 
pose of the faddist and of the self advertisers, 
this "specific" will speedily retire n "wliere ihe 
woodbine twineth," to keep company with other 
disgraces of the sort, and to add to t'le constant]y 
swelling list of theories that du -ing the l?st 
decade have tended so greatly to .ast odii m 
upon the medical profession. Indeed, the latter 
part of the nineteenth century, so far as medi' al 
science is concerned, seems bound to go down to 
posterity with the record blacker than that which 
pertains to the superstition of the middle ages, 
and with none of the palliation that mitigates the 
latter. It is by just such measures that the 
wheels of therapeutic progres> are being blocked. 
;ind even locked: the car that should be one of 
triumph constantly advancing, on the contrary 
is slowly aud persistantly retrograding Young 
men are turned out from our medicai schools 
al)solutely ignor.mt. as regards any rational thera- 



peutics, and worse than igiurant with regard to 
those articles of the materia medica which won 
their place in the armamentarium of the puysician 
by years of service developed through centuries 
of study and experience . 

About the same time appeared the 

following sound sense from Orville W. 

Owens, M. D., of Detroit: 

With the exception of scarlet fever, diphtheria 
is today the most deadly of all diseases in our 
large cities, and is it not time that this dread 
malady should be looked into and treated at its 
fountain head and so handled that instead of kill- 
ing more patients than cholera and smallpox 
combined, it shall, to a great extent, be brought 
under control? 

A period of germination is necessary in all dis- 
eases of this kind, and diphtheretic germs must 
germinate in a warm, moist soil infected by decay- 
ing animal or vegetable matter. The poisonous 
gases thrown off by this decomposition when 
introduced into the system through the air pas- 
sages (not by contact with the skin) brings about 
the diphtheretic atUick. This being true, the civ- 
ilized sewer, and I use the word civilized advis- 
edly, becomes the home of diphtheretic life. 

To stamp out this deadly disease then, we must 
beerin at its home — the sewer 

The instant that diphtheria .starts in a given 
locality the health otBcer should start for the sew- 
erage, the traps of the houses, the street traps, 
roof drainage, and all the connections with the 
sewers throughout the whole district, commenc- 
ing with the public schools. The sewers should 
be flushed, not by a small quantity of water, but 
with streams from fire engines carried into the 
main sewers and collaterals and pressure enough 
used to thorouglrly wash out the walls above the 
usu il sewerage line. In tills way we should give 
children a protection which at present they do not 
have. 

Occupation or no occupation, this 

doctor seems recklessly determined to 
speak the truth. 



A reaction against the unmeasured claims 
advanced for the curative effects of Prof. 
Behring's diphtheria serum is setting in rather 
seriously. The most significant utterance in this, 
respect was made at a meeting Wednesday last 
of the Berlin Medical Society, when Dr. Hansa- 
mann, an assistant in Prof. Virchow's pathologi- 
cal institute, as mouthpiece of Prof. Vircho v 
himself, sharply critici-sed in detail Prof. Bea- 
ring's serum therapeutics. He denied that the 
serum immuaizos human beings and declared 
that no sufficient proof had been produced respect- 
ing its curative properties. Furthermore Dr. 
Hanseman claimed the effects of serum treat- 
ment in many cases was dangerous to health and 
even to life. The statistics thus far obtainable 
of the results of the serum treatment he pro- 
nounced to be unreliable a id often misleading. 

The lectnre was receive! with great applause 
f -om one pirt of the audience and with hisses 
f.-om the o^her p irt,— Chic i ro Tribune. 



Humane work cannot subsist on good 
wishes; and they who really wish for 
it =, success are willing to make sacrifices 
if nece.^sary in orJer to further it. 



AXTI- VJ VI^ECTIOX. 



11. 



Jattttary 1, 1893. 

To our earnest, faithful, generous 
helpers we will not present the mock- 
ery of the words, "I wisrh you a happy 
new year" — for little happiness can fall 
to the lot of those whose hearts go out 
to the helpless and suffering, and who 
know that not this year or next will 
cruelty be extinguished on the earth. 
But we can reasonably wish them the 
comfort of realizing that tlie anti-cru- 
elty cause is advancing in all its depart- 
ments and that their efforts to this end 
are by no means in vain; and we extend 
to tliem the deepest and most heai-tfelt 
thanks for holding up our hands in the 
battle, and their conlidence in us fur- 
nishes the strongest incentive that 
could be given for continued steady and 
unflagging effort. 

We are pledged to this work during 
all the years of life that may be given 
us, and wish for no brighter heaven 
beyond than tlie knowledge that the 
saff'ertng of the innocent exists no more. 



OUR FAITHFUL OUTPOSTS. 

C. A Hamlin, oar energetic coadju- 
tor at Syracuse, N. Y.. has editorial 
charge of a department in the National 
Humane Educator, a finpi, large, 8-page 
monthly, published at Cincinnati, O. 

At the fourth annual meeting of our 
earnest ally the Blount Co. (Tenn. ) S. P. 
C. C. and A., vivisection was roundly 
discussed and a portion of the oaergetic 
letter of Dr. Stewart of Warren, Pa., 
which appeared in our columns some 
months ago, was read to the meeting. 
The principal occupant of our watch- 
t )wer in that section is Mrs. Marv T. 
W. McTeer. 

Mr. Philip G. Peabody will soon 
retui-n to Europe, we assume upon anti- 
vivisection business intent. 

Mrs. Velraa C. Melville, our new 
Vice Prest. in Wisconsin is devising a 
plan for an active campaign in the near 
future. We earnestly hope for her full 
success. 

Mrs. Fannie M. White, our most 
faithful and active ally in Iowa has 



recently visited the cities of Hiawatha, 
Falls City. Nebraska City. Humboldt 
and Tecumseh, Neb., interviewing citi- 
zens and scattering literature. She was. 
told that recently at Hiawatha, Ks. — 
as the 1 es'ult of teaching phyaiology in the 
school by dissection — two boys ripped 
open a live cat as quickly as possible to 
observe the beating of its heart. 

Rev. Henry S. Clubb. editor of Food, 
Bona and Garden, Philadelphia, is a 
power for good in ouir cause and his 
paper should be supported by anti-vivi- 
bectionists. 

Mis. Lydia A. Irons, State Supt. 
Dcj^t. of Mercy, W. C. T. U. in Wash- 
inofcn is perfecting radical plans to 
further the A. V. cause on tlie Pacific' 
slo])e. 

Mrs. Frances G. A. Daman, anew and 
active volunteer, of Clarke, So. Dak., is 
scattering A. V. literature among the 
people of that section. ■ 

Mrs. Maggie Cook, of Guilford, is 
looking atti^r our interests in Missouri. 
■ Miss Nellie Hawks, writer and editor, 
of Friend, Neb., kindly volunteers to do 
all the service possible to the A. V. 
cause by the methods at her command. 

Mrs. Annette Abbey, of Corning, 
Iowa, writes for literature and says, "I 
will do all in my power against the 
pi-actice of vivisection. 

Mrs. Mary W. Rouse, our faithful 
Vice President at Peoria, 111., recently 
read a very comprehensive paper before 
the Woman's Club of that city. It has 
been highly spoken of, and by request 
she is to repeat it before the Peoria 
County Scientific Association. We 
learn from a member, that the general 
sentiment of the Club coincided with 
the arguments presented by Mrs. Rouse. 

Later — a cutting sent us from a Peo- 
ria paper gives account of a lively dis- 
cussion upon vivisection pro and con 
before the association spoken of, after 
the i-eading of Mrs. Rouse's paper, and 
concludes thus: 

A. G. Tying, Sr. , was opposed to vivisection. 

Dr. Stewart spoke in the same strain. He 
■\\ished the paper could be printed in every news- 
paper in the United States. Every one of the 
cpses cited could be pi'oven and there were ten 
thousand besides. Vivisection was horrible 
cruel and almost vseless. Dr. Stewart doubted 
whether he had the right to kill animals for food, 
and thought the time would come when we would 
not use meat. After further discussion the meet- 
ing adjourned. 

Mrs Mary F. Lovell. Supt. Dcpt. of 



IS. 



A STl'V iV IHE< 'Tloy. 



Merey, National W. C. T. U . is to give 
an Anti-Vivisection paper before the 
Woman's Council, with the taking title. 
••The Worst Thing in the World." 

Mrs. Mary T. W. McTeer. of Mary- 
ville. Tenn.. reports an attendance of 
tiftv-one at the annual meeting of the 
Blount Co. S. P. C. A.— all of whom, 
with one exception, signed the A. V. 
Petition. 

Mrs. Sara Thorpe Thomas sends 553 
signatures to the Petition — from the 
vicinity of Little Rock. A rkansas. 

M:ss Evelyn McCormick. of L.a Fay- 
ette. Ind., is striking for the right 
with her pen — a most important depart- 
ment of the service. 

Miss Eliza Shier, deputy at Wolf 
Creek P. O., East Tenn.. a writer, and 
a student, is distributing A. V. litera- 
ture with commendable industry. 

Rev. Edward Ninde. of Wyandot. 
Mich., after months of careful examin- 
ation ot the question, has appended his 
name to the petition for the total abo- 
lition of vivisection. 

Mrs. Mary O. Elster, a long-time 
teacher of Indianapolis, is arranging to 
present the Mercy Drama, A Morning 
in Court. It contains an anti-vivisec- 
tion chapter which is not likely to be 
omitted. 

Mrs. Nora T. Gause, one of our vice- 
])residents-at-large, is busy in the North- 
west, organizing humane societies, 
acquainting the people incidentally 
with the nature of vivisection, and ob- 
taining their signatures to the petiton 
uiiainst it. 



The propagation of the human 
species should cease, for if it goes on 
and the doctors constitute us •"immune"' 
tbe earth's surface will be covered with 
live people never to suffer from disease 
and never to die — and then how will 
the doctors get their living"? Have 
they thought of thati And have they 
considered the ill-will of the druggists 
and the undertakers, that would surely 
follow! Has human nature so changed 
that this self-sacrifice is coming"? Im- 
possible! There is some other reason 
for all this "scientific research!'" 



JOTTINGS FROM DECEMBER ZO- 
OPHILIST. 

It is believed that the government of 
India will not proceed with the Bill 
formulated on the model of the English 
Act for regulating vivisection there. 

Swedish physicians are not sanguine 
over the new serum — the Medical Board 
of Stockholm not yet adopting the dis- 
covery which, like Koch's lymph, may 
become of ''sinister renown." 

Italians are also skeptical. The 
Fkramosca says: We must not forget 
what happened two yeai*s ago apropos 
of the famous Koch-lymph. 

The opposition to the establishment 
of a Pasteur Institute in India is 
strengthening, and finds a staunch op- 
ponent in the Indian Mirror ot Calcutta, 
and other influential journals of the 
empire. 

The Therapvit of Oct. 15, speaks of 
"the temporary interruption in the 
manufacture of diphtheria anti-toxine 
caused by the death of some of the most 
prolific horses from an outbreak of glan- 
ders.''^ [Italics ours, but the circum- 
stance should set the credulous public 
to thinking.] 

In a recent number of l^he Nation, one 
of the chief German weeklies, O. Rosen- 
bach, Prof, of Medicine at the Univer- 
sity of Breslau, and the author of a 
well known book, soundo a strenuous 
warning against the new ''diphtheria 
cure." 

An unusual number of well-attended 
A. V. meetings occured during Novem- 
ber in England and Scotland, and almost 
without exception resolutions con- 
demning the practice were unani- 
mously carried. Lectures were illus- 
trated by lantern slide views. The 
clergy was well represented at each 
gathering. 

Our crowded space prevents giving 
half the news that appear from those 
countries, along the A. V. line. 

Any shipments of "Pasteur's Double 
Hecatomb" which our English allies 
may make us will be gratefully re- 
ceived. 



There is a large and unhealthy vac- 
uum where conscience ought to be in 
most of our medical colleges and 
among a great many of the "profes- 
sion. "—.Toseph M. Greene. 



ANTI- VI VISEGTION. 



IS. 



A SCIENTIFIC NATIONAL SIN. 

"A great moral offense, a great Sin 
before God, goes on in the land under 
the sanction of the law; and in a free 
country like ours, a Law which sanc- 
tions a Sin is a NATIONAL SIN. 

The conscience of the people of Eng- 
land has in years past swept away 
from the statute books the Rack and 
the Stake, and a score of other savage 
punishments, and it has abolished the 
Press-gang, and Colonial Slavery, and 
the Contagious Diseases Acts. With 
the help of God, it will yet abolish 
Vivisection. " 

These words are from the pen of 
that grand fighter against all cruelty, 
Prances Power Cobbe, wh(>, rothing 
daunted, is still, at seventy, ringing 
her scorching words in the ears of her 
adversaries, her fame as a reformer 
reaching to all corners of the globe. 
(And here let me call the attention of 
my readers to the review of her auto- 
biography in the November number of 
the Review of Reviews. 

I am wondering if there is not a few 
mothei"s and fathers in Indiana who 
would hesitate sending their young 
and tender boys and girls to our other- 
wise moot admirable and grandly 
equipped Purdue, were they aware 
these dear ones were to be put through 
the hardening process of witnessing 
the cutting up alive of helpless, inno- 
cent cats and dogs, in fact, most of the 
smaller animals, for aught I know, 
those of every species, large and small. 

The writer knows of a case where ail 
otherwise (at least heretofoi-e) sweet 
and loving girl, fond of her pets in the 
way of dogs and kittens, became so 
seared, so cold and cruel in her sup- 
posed pursuit of scientific information 
in this line of work and study as a 
student, at Purdue, that she deter- 
mined to carry four sweet little kittens 
she had with her to the class of vivi- 
section, which fact she stated proudly 
to a lady caller, who, thank God, left 
the house adruptly in horror at the 
depravity displayed. — Evelyn McCor- 
MICK, in Evansville (Ind.) Tribune. 

We extract the following passages 
from that fine pamphlet on vivisection 
recently issued by the Manchcste.- 



(Eng.) Friends A. V. Society. It was 
written by Mr. John William Graham, 
M. A., of Dalton Hall, Ovvsas College. 
We are indebted to Miss Prances Power 
Cobbe for the gift of ,300 copies. 

D "There lies round the operator's table— as bones 
round a lion's den. or as the ruins of a bombarded 
town — a widespread destruction of souls; the cor- 
rupted spirit of the tyrant operator, corrupted by 
his cowardly treachery, and the outraged spirits 
of the trustful sufferers. A deadened sensibility 
of soul is as real a lameness as an atrophied limb ; 
the breaking up of the friendly, unspoken compact 
in which man lives with his dog is as real a catas- 
trophe as a volcanic eruption; the harmonious or- 
der of nature is broken; a crime has been com- 
mitted that detonates through the spiritual envi- 
ronment like a thunderclap. 

'Dogs.' says a viviseotor. 'are so much better to 
experiment upon than other animals— a few words 
and patS' quiet them, and they trust you.' T7-ust 
you.' What is that? It is the poor creature's ap- 
peal out of its extremity to that social compact he 
has lived under; he cannot tmnii mcii; j.ju are — 
that men are— the incarnate devils they seem to 
be. Tills thing which goes on in the dog's mind 
is a violence to love dud taith. 

"Much turns on the relative weight we gire to 
material and to spiritual considerations. For how 
much knowledge of arteries will we corrupt a hu- 
man soul? How does the exchange stand betwee,n 
a good breathing tube and a kind heart? There 
is in man a terrible capacity tor growirg callous 
to others' pain." (p. 14). 



OUR CATERERS. 

Did it ever occur to you that doctors, 
ministers and lawyers live and thrive 
upon the sins, miseries and wretched- 
ness of the human family? And the 
various caterers to our apijetites and 
passions in endless ways that are deep 
and dark and mysterious, are not one 
step behind the above conservators of 
the public health, morals and good 
order of society. 

We hire ministers to cure our sin- 
sick souls and fit us for a happy future 
life. We pay physicians to cure oi r 
sick, miserable, aching bodies: and with 
all this assistance we are still so mor- 
ally and socially wicked the lawyers 
come in for the lion's share of our 
hard-earned cash, that is supposed to 
save us from our enemies. 

The caterers to our artificial wants 
in various avenues and channels are 
more numerous than all the rest of our 
paid servants, and upon them rests 
largely the censure for the ill health 
and shortened life of those whom they 
serve. — Dr. E. Goodkll Smith, in Bos- 
ton Sunday Glohe. 



AST I- ri riSM'TlO^. 



DIZZY AND TIRKl). 
During the past month the air has 
been thick with expected cures by anti- 
toxine, and the exphtnatory science 
fpom the learned enoug-h to make one's 
head swim and the balance of one's 
anatomy to earnestly desire rest. Oc- 
casionally, however, during the fiisil- 
ade. some cautious old fogy of an M. D. 
ha? advanced an opinion calculated to 
cool the general cauldron of scientific 
ardor, and to remind thinking people 
of the almost forgotten Robert Koch 
and Prof. Bi'own-Sequard; also of the 
fact tV at by the time M. Pasteur is 
gathered to his fathers Buisson"s cleanly 
methcd of steam baths for purging the 
system of impurities will have taken 
a long stride — a stride in proportion to 
the intelligence, culture and good sense 
of the human race. And, by the way. 
although supposedly intelligent people 
are lauding the new "discovei-y, '* we 
have not heard of its entrance into a 
single refined or cultured home, or of a 
single clean and wholesome body hav- 
ing been offered to the entrance of the 
foul c oncoction. 



THE INOCULATION "CURE" FOR 
DIPHTHERIA. 

The inoculation "cure*' for diph- 
theria, of which I regret to see so many 
inrtaential press men speaking in laud- 
atory terms, appears to me to be noth- 
ing short of an abominable sin against 
cleanliness and proper living; and as it 
is impossible to consider the subject as 
one related to diphtheria alone, there 
being many other serious epidemics, 
including cholera, scarlet fever, and 
typhoid fever in human beings, anthrax 
and swine-fever in animals, all of which 
the inoculator anticipates mitigating or 
stamping-out by a similar process of so- 
called prophylaxis, the question occurs: 

Has the order of things been so per- 
versely constituted as that the health 
of men and beasts is to be sought, not. 
as we fondly believed, by pure and 



subui- living and cleanliness, but by the 
pollution ol the very fountains of life 
with the confluent streams of a dozen or 
more filtny diseases? 

This vaccinating and re-vaccinating, 
porcinating and re-porcinating, equin- 
ating and re-equinating, caninising and 
re-caninising. felinising and re-felinis- 
ing. bovinating and re-bovinating — 
indeed, twenty times each of these 
"preventives'" in our lives, or every 
year, perhaps — of our bodies and the 
food which nourishes millions of the 
world's population, is surely enough to 
justify that '"ironic laughter of the 
gods'" with which a German poet has 
said that human life is contemplated 
from a distance —JOSEPH COLLINSON 
in Vanity Fait: 

THE APPENDICITIS FAD. 

Yesterday Chicago furnished another 
victim to the appendicitis mania which 
has driven the surgeons mad. Diag- 
nosis of appendicitis was made, the op- 
aration was jjerformed, the patient is 
dying. Total i*esult: certainty that 
this patient was not suffering from ap- 
pendicitis. There is no period in his- 
tory when the surgeons and medical 
men have not been possessed by some 
fatal fad. They once believed so firmly 
in cupping as a panacea that they bled 
the anaemic to death on the slightest 
provocation. 

Now if a man complains of a stomach 
ache he is forthwith strapped to a 
table and carved for the coffin. If there 
bo a seed in his vermiform appendix 
(an organ that never troubled anybody 
since Adam's time until it got into the 
newspapers) he has the satisfaction oT 
knowing that he dies seedless. If there 
be no "seed" the surgeons have all the 
satisfaction. They are thenceforth 
troubled by no suspicions as to his 
vermiformal integrity. 

It is a brutal and senseless fad de- 
signed (many people are coming to be- 
lieve) to enable the medical butchers to 
practice vivisection. — Chicago Journal. 

If the vast sums desired by the bacter- 
iologists to found culture stations were 
employed in "cleaning up," the cities 
and establishing free baths, their oc- 
cupation would be gone— as they very 
well know. 



A NTI- ri \ 'ISE('TI0N. 



15. 



For AXTI-VIVISECTION. 

TO CLERGYMEN. 

The columns of this journal are open 
to any cieryyman who will explain to 
humane worivers why ministers are so 
indifferent to the i)rimary principle of 
Christianity— Kinuuess; to the abound- 
ing cruelty to animals or to the heart 
hardening influences of such wicked- 
ness. 

And will he tell us, also, why the min- 
isterial heart is so destitute of pity for 
the defenceless victims of unkind 
church members and outside heathens 
(who are no better) that it is impossible, 
as a rule, to induce clergymen-to preach 
against the vice of cruelty; to rebuke 
the heartless sellishness that inspires 
it; to obey the command "show my peo- 
ple their sins," or even do teach the 
children of the Sabbath school the 
beauty of kindness, the nobility of com- 
passion, the cowardly sinfulness of any 
injury or injustice to bird or beast and 
that evcvy cruel habit is a t>i}L? 

To us ignorant heathen — who suppose 
that Christ really meant what he said, 
the attitude of the clergy to God's sin- 
less creatures is amazing. Christ 
taught that Chi'istianity is love. If so, 
kinuness, which is love in operation, is 
rigliLeousness. Surely, he who is never 
unkind never does wrong. Yet the 
clergy claim — tacitly — that in dealing 
with God's sinless o eatures one may 
properly enough be mean, cruel and 
devilish, and the conduct of many 
chui'ch people proves that this is also 
their view of it. Is n t all unkindness 
sinful — regardless of its victimV How 
can one be Christiike who is kind (only) 
to the protected but cruel to the 
defenceless V 

Many kindness loving sinners are 
distressed by the universal cruelty to 
animals, birds, etc., and are horrified 
by the atrocities of biological fiends 
in "christian" colleges, and other viv- 
iiseciion hells— which wickedness sel- 
dom elicits from the pulpit either sur- 
prise or reproof. Just how selfish ends 
can justify shocking wickedness; just 
how "man's benefit" can justify cruelty; 
just how we can please God by violating 
the primary principle of Christianity; 
just how merciless abuse of other crea- 



tures can be acceptable to the Lord, who 
"is very j)itiful and of tender mercy." 
as it evidently is to the dcryij. are what we 
want explained. 

The prophet asked, "What does the 
Lord require of thee but to do justly, 
love mercy and walk humbly with thy 
God?" Will some pastor tell himV — 
and let us know: also, Was Christ right 
when he said — "As ye mete, so shall it 
be measured untoyouV Was St. James 
just in saying, "He shall be judged 
without mercy who hath shown no 
mercy l-"' We i-ecall that the infidel 
Samaritan who showed kindness was 
approved, while the orthodox clergy- 
man who passed by on the other side, 
was — not I Perhaps that rule holds 
good yet I Who knows? 

Should Christ occupy your pulpit 
some Sunday what would he say to 
those of your hearei's whose head gear 
is degraded by murdered birds whom 
Jesus loved, and whose loss the farmers 
deplore? What to those unfortunate 
horses standing at the church door tor- 
tured by tight checks, and robbed of 
their winter coats which a kind Creator 
had made extra heavy: and of their sole 
defence from summer insects, just for 
worldly and wicked "Style"?"' These 
"saints"' are secure from any reproof 
from you — but would the Master silently 
endorse such wrongs"? Would he not 
cause many ears to tingle with some- 
thing about "mint and cummin, and 
neglect of justice and mercy'f^^ 

How can you expect us to "join the 
Church" and become less kind and mer- 
ciful than we now are, while outside the 
church we enjoy kindness and love 
mercy? 

Then please tell us how ministers can 
consistently evade those disagreeable 
scriptures which insist on kindness, jus- 
tice and mercy as the correct I'ule of 
life and dutiful impulse of the heart; 
and how one can expect mercy from 
God while showing none to his dis- 
tressed creatures; and how Christ's 
inflexible rule to do as we would be 
done by, can be nullified when we 
deal with dumb creatures; and why 
ministers rarely or never preach kind- 
ness to animals, or kindness as the p>rin- 
ciple feature of a Christly character. 
Please tell us. Harry Benson. 

(Mstle Perplexity, Dec 1894. 



16. 



A NTI- VI VISECTIOX. 



For ANTi- Vivisection. 

A DOUBLE TRAINING. 

A AVOBD TO THE MEDICAL STUDENT. 

At this time thousands of students are 
entering our medical schools for train- 
iuy in their life's work. 

Some of us — more advanced in years 
and realizing what should be the true 
result of education — long to say a word 
of advice to the youthful student. It 
is this: Don't forget that while you are 
training the intellect, a greater and 
more important training is progressing 
for good or evil — the training of the 
heart and moral nature — just those 
noble qualities that make us truly 
human. 

The pressing need of the world today 
is not primarily for an advocate in sci- 
eutitic knowledge — there is an iniin- 
it-ily greater need of more integrity, 
more goouuess. iiiurtj icuiU-liaarteuness. 

There is much danger that in the 
ea^er pursuit of intellectual knowl- 
edge this will 03 ignjred. and the 
student, instead of advancing in the 
nobler qualities, may become cynical 
and hard-hearted, while increasing, it 
may be, in a narrow, sfuentitic clever- 
ness. 

The ideal character for the good phy- 
sician is that of a great-hearted, loving, 
thoroughly upright human beiug, unii- 
ing to wisdom and intellectual acquire- 
ment, warmest sympathy and pity tor 
the helpless and suffering. 

If there is anything in medical train- 
ing that shocks and antagonizes 1 uiiian 
kindness and integrity, it should be 
avoided as one would avoid a deadly 
puison. 

Let us remember always tue words of 
tiie Ooncord sage, "Ctiaracier is better 
taan intellect:" while cultivating knowl- 
edge let us never forget that cnaracter 
is supreme. 

The practice of vivisection, now so 
greatly in vogue in oar meuical col- 
leges, is an utter denial of that great 
truth. It is a direct training in irre- 
sponsible cruelty. It would be well for 
tne young student to consider this sub- 
ject from the very outset, and from the 
ar»t take a decided stand — as some have 
done before him — and determine that 
he will not encourage by his presence 
a practice so pitiless, so cynical, and so 



hardening in its inlluences. 

It is absurd to suppose that vivisec- 
tion is a necessary part of a thorough 
medical and scientihc training. Some 
of the most distinguished pliysicians 
have never witnessed a vivisection, and 
numerous others Jiave testified that it 
is totally unnecessary, and tends to 
call off the attentiun from iuhnitely 
more important and legitimate pan's 
of medical progress. 

Of the moral effect of such prictices 
there can be no question. The student 
who learns to abuse the power given to 
us over helpless creatures, to watch 
with cold indifference their unmeasur- 
able torture, is parting, day by day, 
with his iloblest human attributes, and 
can never become in a true sense the 
good physician or the generous, large- 
hearted human being. 

At every step, too, he is incurring a 
solemn responsibility. It is the student 
who kieps the vivisector at his post by 
consentiug to witness his cruel exhibi- 
tions: and it is the student of today who 
will make the futui-e professor and prac- 
titioner. 

The men of the present are rapidly 
passing over the stage and the younger 
generation will soon stand in their 
places. 

May their moral nature, their sense 
of resiKinsibility to the Lord of life, 
their generosity and kindness, so keep 
pace with their intellectual advance- 
ment, tliat the chair of the vivisector 
may be forever abolished as a disgrace 
to humanity. Then the deep-seated 
distrust of the medical profession will 
cease, and we may tui'n to the physician 
with confidence as to the trusted friend 
of humanity. S. E. B. 

Washington, D. C, Dec, 1894. 

WE NEED MORE LITERATURE. 

The call for literature exceeds our 
means of supplying it. We urge upon 
the friends to send such sums as they 
can spare for the furtherance of the 
work. Scores of persons are signing 
the Petition each month. We have 
nov over 5,00J names. All these 
should be supplied so they can distri- 
bute amono;' their friends. Any sum 
will be gratifuUy received, in postage 
stamps or otherwise. 



A y TI- 1 7 VLSE( TIOX. 



17. 



ANTI-YIYISEGTIOI 



VANGUARD DEPARTMENT. 



THE OX. 

I love thee, pious ox: a gentle t'eelin;: 

Of vigor iind of peace thou giv'st my heart; 

How solid, like a monumeut, thou art: 
O'er wide and fertile fields thy call goes stealing. 
Unto the yoke with grave contentaiint liaeeling 
To man's quick work thou dost thy strength 

impL:,rt: 
He shouts and goads, and. answering thy smart. 

Thou turn'st on him thy patient look appealing. 
From thy broad nostrils, black and wet. arise 

Thy breath's soft fumes: and on the still air 
swells 

Thy happy hymn— thy Jowings" mellow strain ; 
In the grave sweetness of thy twinkling eyes 

Ot emerald, broad and still reflecting, dwells, 

All the divine, green silence of the plain. 



NEW VANGUARD MEMBERS. 

Miss Annie Brewster of Montrose, 
Pa., is a bright addition to our ranks, 
earnest, intelli,i>'ent. affectionate, a 
thorough lover of animals and possess- 
ing an earnest desire and determination 
to befriend them. Her initiatory work 
is a nice list of signatures to the Peti- 
tion. 

Miss Lena Belle Tyler, also of Mont- 
rose, Pa., appends her name, beauti- 
fully inscribed, to the \"anguard Pledge, 
and judging from the report of one who 
knows her well she will prove a brave 
addition to this section of anti-vivisec- 
tion work. 



CRIMINALS OF THE FUTURE. 

Kennett Square. Pa.. Dec. 2. — Half 
a dozen boys amttsed themselves for an 
hotir to-day, violently chasing a dog 
owned by Ellis Hughes. The animal 
was first routed out if a warm bed in 
a sunny nnok and driven into the road. 
Then the hov/lina' urchins started in 
pursuit of the yelping canine. It leaped 
fences and found itself finally in a 
strange back yard. Three minutes 
later two of the boys found the panting 
cur and shied a handful of stones at it. 



With a weary and wistful look the dog 
trott;^d away, crept out of the yard, and 
was mit by th.e other four tjoys with 
stiinny clubs. A blow on one hind leg 
made him limp, but he rushed down an 
alley an 1 around a stable. He sought 
refuge in a stall, but was jabbed with 
a 'pitchfoi'k in the hands of a hostler, 
who thought the hot and breathless 
dog was mad. The fugitive yelped 
with pain and fled out the door. 

Hi was driven then through alleys, 
streets ani by-paths, hit with clubs 
and stones, and at the end of an hour 
the tired brute sought his home. Life 
was very miserable to him. Then he 
deliberately poked his head between 
two fence pickets 18 inches from the 
ground and hanged himself. There 
the boys ten minutes later found the 
dog's limp and lifeless body. He had 
committed suicide to escape their 
cruelty. — Exchange. 

Most of the "mad docs" are created 
in this manner. When the "final ad- 
justment" day arrives and the wolf's 
clothing is pulled off. many people 
will wish they were as high as dogs in 
the scale of existence. How many ^'re- 
incarnations'' will be required to lift 
them to his level I 



ONE VIVISECTOR. ONE TIGER. 

A FRIEND in London kindly sends us 
a copy of The Star in which "appears 
the following, which the initiated will 
relish: 

At a recent drawing-room meeting, 
at which a discussion on vivisection 
took place, Dr. Berdoe said he had 
somewhat modified his views on the 
question of total prohibition. He 
would not entirely deprive the experi- 
mental physiologists of their means of 
research but would consent to the al- 
lowa.ice of one tiger to each vivisector, 
the research to take place in a properly 
constructed cage. The idea of the 
lively vivisector hopping round the 
cage with his injecting syringe trying 
to get a fair shot at the terrible cat 
seemed to tickle the audience im- 
menselv. 



18. 



A?i'TI- VI nS£rTI(jX. 



MY horsp:. 

BY MRS. EVA YORK IN Our JJUIIlb AlHinali. 

So many years have flown 

Since thou and I, alone. 
O'er prairies wild, with shining dewdrops wet. 

Ouisped the rusliing wind. 

And yet I've failed to tlnd 
In all the years one fleet as thou, my Pet. 

'Twa-s scarcely worth the pain - 
The loss outweighd the gain- 
To own thee for a year. 
Tj give thee .smile and teal- 

And all the care that fond possession brings: 
Then all thy virtues tell. 
And turn and say, "Farewell." 

And Wiitch thee throw the dast in golden rinss. 

We lov'd each other .so '. 

And swifter thou did'st go. 
Did 1 but whisper to thy lisfning oar. 

And thou did'st pass them all. 

Thro' prairie grasses tall, 
And with u graceful leap tue brook did'st clear 

Where art thou now, my Pet? 

Art thou as lovely yet 
As when I held thy bridle and thy curb'r 

Or art thou lying low 

Where trees their shadows throw. 
Where passing hoofs no more thy rest disturb? 

We lov'd each other so ! 

Pet ! the long years go 

All lame and languid since I sold thee, dear. 
For what is gold to me 
When brought as price of thee? 

I'd give it ten times o'er to have thee near. 

And now I live once more 
The horn- when, o'er and o'er, 
I said to thee, "This ride will be our last."' 

1 smell the flowers sweet, 
I hear thy flying feet. 

And count the figur'd mile stones that we've 
pas.s'd. 

Alas : alas : 'tis done, 

JSlo more the rising sun 
Shall greet us daily, only you and me; 

No more ; no more 1 and j'et 

Where'er I am, my Pet, 
Each sunrise brings a tender thought of thee. 



THE HORRORS OF SPORT. 
AS LADY FLORENCE DIXIE NOW SEES IT. 

•'Sport is horrible. I say it advis- 
edly. I speak with the matured exper- 
ience of one who has seen and taken 
Dart in sport of many and varied kinds 
in many and varied parts of the world. 
[ can handle gun and rille as well and 
efficiently as most 'sporting folk," and 
lew women and not many men have in- 
dulged in a tithe of the shooting and 
hunting in which I have been engaged 
both at home and during travels and 
expeditions in far away lands. It isnui. 



therefore, as a novice tliat I take up 
my ]ien to record why I. whom some 
have called a 'female Nimrod." have 
come to regard with absolute loathing- 
and detestation any sort or kind or form 
of sport which in any way is produced, 
by the suffering of animals.'' 

'"Manj- a keen sportsman, searching 
his heart, will acknowledge that at 
times a feeling of self-i^eproach has shot 
through him as he has stood by the dy- 
ing victim of his skill. I know that it 
has confronted me many and many a 
time. I have bent over my fallen game, 
the result of. alas I too good a shot. I 
have seen the beautiful eye of deer and 
its different kind glaze and grow diir as 
the bright life my shot had arrested in 
its happy course sped onward into the 
unknown: I have ended with the sharp 
yet merciful knife the dying sufferings 
of poor beasts who have never harmed 
me. yet whom I laid low under the veil 
of sport. 

"1 have seen the terror-stricken orb. 
of the red deer, dark, full of tears, glar- 
ing at me with mute i-eproach. as it 
sobbed its life away, and that same look 
have I seen in the glorious orbed gua- 
naco of Patagonia, the timid gazelle, 
the graceful and beautiful koodoo, 
springbok, etc.. of South Africa, seem- 
ingly, as it were, i-eiiroaching me for 
thus lightly taking the life I could never 
bring back. So. too, I have witnessed 
the angry, defiant glare of the wild 
beast's fading sig-ht, as death, fust com- 
ing, deprived him of the power to wreak 
his vengeance on the human aggressor 
before him. And I say this: The mem- 
ory of those scenes brings no pleasure 
to my mind. On the contrary, it haunts 
me with a huge reproach, and I wish I 
had never done those deeds of skill and 
cruelty. " — Westminster Revieio. 

We can use postage stamps of all de- 
nominations up to 10c. and in sums of 
one dollar. Money in larger amounts 
can be sent by P. O. Order, bank 
checks, or by registry. The more 
money the more circulation of litera- 
ture. Anti-Vivisection has its own 
printing outfit and prints the literature 
of the society at much less cost than it 
has ever been done elsewhere. Please 
h3lp those who are trying to help the 
helpless. 



AXTI- VI VISECTKjy. 



ly. 



TSE POOR SEAL. 

At our request Mr. Wm. Gavitt. who 
f has lived in Alaska, and has been an 
eye-witness of the cruelties of the seal 
fisheries on St. George Island, has sent 
us a description of what he saw in the 
years 1887 and 1888. So far as we know, 
no reform has ever been instituted, 
therefore the presumption is that these 
crvxelties continue. Mr. Gavitt de- 
scribes St. George Island as an ulcer on 
the face of civilization, because of the 
debauchery and drunkenness of the gov- 
ernment employes. 

His account of the seal fisheries .says 
that the animals ai-e captured by rush- 
ing between those breeding and the 
bachelors: then the latter are driven 
over rough roads to the killing grounds, 
which may be as far olf as five miles, 
over and between rocks of all kinds a;id 
shapes. The heavy coated animals 
soon become over-heated, and often 
foam at the mouth and die on the way, 
snapping like mad dogs. When they 
i-each the killing grounds they are driv- 
<^n into a long column of three to five 
abreast, and pass between men who 
have heavy clubs with which they 
crush . the skulls of those who are 
wanted. Those not wanted are jier- 
niitted to find their way back to sea. 
In clubbing, it frequently occurs that 
a seal not wajited is injured. If it is 
able to get away, well and good: if 
killed, the skin would not be accepted 
by the company. 

After clubbing, the men load them 
on drays, and after stabbing them in 
the breast, skin them. Mr. Gavitt de- 
scribes the scene, the flying of the eyes 
from the struck seal, the crush of the 
■skull, the flow of blood, the sobs of the 
dying and the brutality of the heartless 
and cai'eless men. as awful. To his pro- 
tests the answer always was that there 
was no other way. but his idea is that 
an electric sword could be used, or elec- 
tricity conveyed in some way. Dr. 
Gavitt, who now lives in Evansville, 
Indiana, says that this and the treat- 
ment of the natives that he saw in 
Alaska make his trip there seem like a 
horrible nightmare, and that it is all a 
disgrace to the American flag. 

How any humane woman can want to 
V ear a sealskin after hearing how it is 



obtained is difficult to understand. "We 
have heard of cases where the seal 
butchers were even brutal enough to 
skin the seals before they were 
dead. This last was told by one who 
also claimed to be an eye-witness — Jour- 
nal of Zoophily. 

WHICH IS "HEATHEN'; LAND. 

In the so-called "heathen" East birds 
are considered as sacred. They, are rep- 
resented as being the escaped thoughts 
of man during his more innocent prim- 
eval existence. A pei'son \vho puts to 
death one of these little creatures is 
treated as a felon. 

In the fair month of April, year of 
our gentle Lord, 1894. in our Western 
land. (>ver one hundred pigeors, our 
gentle home birds, were used as targets 
by men claiming to be ''sportsmen." 
So tame were the helpless feathered 
things that they i-efused to fly above the 
traps for the purpose of being shot at, 
whereupon a number of l3oys were 
called upon to throw stones at the birds 
and otherwise urge them into the air 
foi'the use oC the heartless "•sportsmen." 

Most of the pigeons were simply bru- 
tally mutilated, and fluttered down upon 
the roof or wherever their remaining 
strength permitted them to alight. 
Here the pitiable, suffering, bits of God's 
creation were left, without food or 
water, to die in slow torture. — MAi?li: 
Le Baron. 



THE CHECK REIN. 

I read the other day that "the pecu- 
liar arrangement of the vertebrae of the 
horse, which is intended for the support 
of the leverag-e of the heavy head, when 
the poor horse is checked tightly (or in- 
deed at all), presses two bones upon each 
other in such a way as to be constant tor- 
ture — beside the jia-in of the unnatural 
position, and depriving them of at least 
a thii^d of their drawing power." 

A. E. McI. 



FRIENDS: Please notify us of de- 
linquencies and send orders for extra 
copies of Anti- Vivisection by the 10th 
of each month. Otherwise we maj- not 
be able to supply vou. 



5#. 



ANTI- VIVISECTION. 



A SKW BOOK. 

THE MERCY DRAMA. 

A MORNING 

IN COURT. 

S}n table for nil Sc/wolx 

and Bands of Mercy. 

I See Adv. ^ Below.'] 

Would you have 

Mercy? Then be 

Merciful! 





THE VANGUARD 
The Vanguard is the Society of Yonng 
People to Oppose Vivisection. The 
membership fee is Fifty Cents— paid 
into the treasury of the parent society: 
PLEDGE:— I promise to be kind to 
all creatures within my reach and to 
speak and use my influence as much as 
possible against the practice of Vivisec- 
tion. 

PRESENT MEMBERSHIP. 

Monroe Reese Rothschild, Chicago, 111. 
Jesse A. Rothschild, " " 

Edwin Rothschild, ■' " 

Charles L. Peabody, Boston, Mass. 
Alfred B. Black, Aurora, 111. 
William Strong, Jr. Washington, D. C. 
R. Moffat Ij'isch, Hempstead, L. I. 
Oluf. G. Petersen, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Stansbur.v Holden, Detroit, Mich. 
Gerald Totten, Washington, D. C. 
,J. Crews Ra,sh, Winchester, Ky. 
Louis Gdylord Acton, Aui'ora, 111. 
Miss Maude B. Fairchild, Chicago, 111. 
Miss Marie Damgrand, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Miss Harriet E. Taylor, Aurora, 111. 
Williiim Algernon Alston, Sumter, S. C. 
William Leroy Alston, Anderson. S. C 
George Falley Ninde, Detroit, Mich. 
Frederick Ward Ninde, Detroit, Mich. 
Annie E. Brewster, Montrose, Pa. 
L,eaa Belle Tyler. Montrose, Pa. 



CULTURED COURTESIES. 

The enclosui-e of a stamp in letters of Inquiry. 

The enclosure of a stamp in requests for liter- 
ature. 

The inclosure of a stamp in requests for desired 
addresses. 

The enclosure of a stamp in all letters asking 
a personal favor. 

In regard to the enclosure of stamps the best 
rule to follow is the Goldea Rule — enclose stamps 
to others In cases where you would like stamps 
e iclosed to you. 

WRITINGS OF MRS. FAIRCHILD ALLEN 

A MORNING IN COURT. 

New and lively Original Mercy Di-ama, unlike 
anything ever before published. The animals 
appear before His Honor and plead their cause 
again.st Cruel Man. All the paraphernalia of a 
Justice Court. Fun and Pathos. Suitable for 
Family Reading, Bands of Mercy, Day Schools, 
and Sunday Schools. Beautifully printed ancl 
illustrated. Bound in strong covers To be ready 
November 1. Single Copies i'>c. Per. Dozen 
83.50. .\ddress this oiHoe. 

Pleadings of Mercy. 

Handsomely illustrated; bound in cloth; 100 
pages. Contents: History of Humane Move- 
ment; Caught in his Own Trap (a steel trap); 
Little Chestnut (a pet horse); Tommy's Fishing 
Excursion (with a hook): The Fox Chase; Vivi- 
section; Sam and Dick (a true story of two cats); 
The Sorrows of a F'lock of Sheep (in transporta- 
tion) ; The Poor Rich Horse and the Rich Poor 
Horse ; Sown Seed [true story of two teachers] . 
Price 50c. 

A White xMouse. 

Pink Ears and her L ittle Snow Children. lUus - 
trated, pink and white ; 33 pages ; 35c. Per dozen 
?:e.50. 

Wild Wittgs. 

A Tale for a Boy with a Gun. In two parts : by 
Mr. Coe and Mrs. Allen. 8 pages. New. Pretty. 

Wild Wings per Doz. with cover 50 

25 " " 10;) 

" " 100 " " ..: 3 75 

" " per doz. without cover 15 

25 " " 30 

100 " " I 00 

The Steel Trap. 

Experience of a Boy Trapper. Illustrated. 8 
pages, with cover. 5c. 

The Poor Rich Horse and the Rich Poor Horse. 
Leaflet ; 4 pages. Illustrated. 10c per doz. 

Dozens of letters and notices praise these lit- 
tle offerings to the anti-cruelty cause. Send all 
orders to 

Mrs. Fairchild Allen, 
104 N. Fourth St. Aurora. 111. 



BUSINESS CARDS. 



DR. GEO. R. GUILD— DENTIST. 

13 South Broadway, Aurora, 111. 
COAL, LIME, CEMENT. Houses for sale and to 

rent. Own property. No commission. E. R. 

ALLEN, 15 LaSalle St. , Aurora, III. 

;:. W. THOMPSON & CO., Proprietors Broad- 

V ,\vay Livery, Boarding and Truck Stable, 67 So. 

^'roadway. Carriages for Weddings, Calling or 

fe'Xpmerals furnished on short notice. Gentle 

ses for Ladies' driving. Telephone 14. 



J. C. PORTER, dealer In Boots, Shoes and rub- 
bers, i;3 South Broadway, Aurora, 111. 

HERNIA CURED. By DR. DONALDSON, 43. 
So. Lincoln Ave. , Aurora, 111. Come and inves- 
tigate. No pain,no danger. No pay until cured. 
Can work every day. 

WHITE DAWSON, the dealer in Fancy & Staple 
Groceries, Provisions, Fine Teas, Coffees, Fine 
Butter and Eggs Goods delivered to all parts 
of the city free. 107 Main Street. 



^Ke MEOf CENTER Dffj 
««iT§RleAt COLLECTION